If you’re struggling to pay back a payday loan or think that the lender has treated you unfairly, here’s how to tackle the problem.
What to do if you can’t pay back your loan
If you’re struggling to pay back a payday loan, the worst thing you can do is ignore the problem.
Don’t panic or struggle in silence, here are the steps you can take:
1. Contact your payday lender as soon as possible
You are not alone
If you need help with a payday loan, remember that you’re not alone. In 2013 the debt advice charity StepChange helped 66,557 people in the same situation.
Source: StepChange Debt Charity
By law, they must:
- direct you to sources of free and independent debt advice
- suspend recovery of the debt for a reasonable period if you’re developing a repayment plan with a debt adviser or on your own
- treat you fairly and with consideration allowing you reasonable time to repay the loan which might include freezing interest and suspending charges.
In addition, they should:
- not bombard you with phone calls, emails and text messages.
- consider accepting small token payments temporarily if your repayments mean you haven’t enough money left for essentials like food, rent or mortgage, and utility bills.
Remember to keep copies of all emails and letters you sent to the lender and write down details of your phone calls to them.
This is evidence of how you’ve tried to contact them if they don’t reply and you need to make a complaint. (See How to complain about a payday lender below.)
2. Think about cancelling the recurring payment
If you can’t afford the loan repayments or are worried about paying the loan means you might not be able to pay for essentials, such as:
- mortgage, or
- utility bills.
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You can phone your bank and cancel the recurring payment (‘continuous payment authority’) that allows your lender to take money from your account.
Do this at least one day before repayment is due and make sure you tell your lender you’ve done so.
Write down the date and time that you instructed your bank to cancel the recurring payment.
If after this date money goes from your account to the lender, complain to your bank. The bank must give you a refund by law.
It’s a good idea to follow up your phone call with a letter to your bank.
You can use the National Debtline’s Letter to withdraw a continuous payment authority with your bank.
Make sure that you tell the payday lender as soon as possible that you’ve cancelled the recurring payment because of difficulties paying back the money.
You will still owe the debt and the lender can go on charging interest and fees so it’s essential you get free debt advice to help you deal with the problem.
3. Refuse to roll your loan over
Your payday lender might suggest that you ‘roll over’ your loan for another month or so. This is a really bad idea.
It means you have to pay even more charges and interest – so you end up owing much more money.
What you should do instead is seek debt advice and agree a repayment plan that you can afford with the lender.
Before rolling over your loan, the payday lender must refer you to free debt advice.
And since July 2014 they cannot roll over your loan more than twice.
4. Get help from a free debt adviser
If you’re struggling with bills or finding it difficult to deal with a payday lender, contact one of these free, confidential debt advice services:
- StepChange Debt Charity
- National Debtline
- Citizens Advice – England and Wales
- Citizens Advice – Scotland
- Citizens Advice – Northern Ireland
- Advice NI
The adviser will be on your side – they’ll help you get your debts under control and can negotiate with the lender on your behalf.
Tell your lender as soon as you start working with the debt adviser.
Follow up your phone call with a letter – you can use Which’s letter telling a payday lender that you’re working with a debt adviser.
Once you’ve done this, your lender must give you a reasonable amount of time to come up with a repayment plan before using debt collectors.
If they keep contacting you while you’re working with the debt adviser, send an email asking them to stop.
Other points to remember
Your payday lender should not try to put you under undue pressure, including:
- Calling you at work without your permission.
- Discussing your debt with your employer or family members.
- Refusing to deal with the debt advice service acting for you.
How to complain about a payday lender
If you feel your payday lender has treated you unfairly or you’re unhappy with the repayment plan they’ve proposed, you should first complain to them. Use ourtemplate letterto do this.
The lender then has eight weeks to resolve the situation.
If they don’t meet this deadline, or you feel that they haven’t answered your complaint properly, you can complain to the Financial Ombudsman Service.
Alternatively, for help making your complaint you might want to consider using Resolver.
This is a free online service and app that offers consumer advice and simplifies the process of complaining.
Using the Financial Ombudsman Service
The Financial Ombudsman Service is an independent service that deals with unresolved complaints about providers of financial services.
If it judges that the payday lender hasn’t resolved your complaint properly or has treated you unfairly, the Financial Ombudsman can order them to pay you compensation.
This article is provided by the Money Advice Service.