Negative equity: what it means and what you can do about it

Money Advice Service

If you’re in negative equity you could find it hard to move house or remortgage. Find out what you can do and the help that’s available.

What is negative equity?

If you have an interest-only mortgage you are more at risk of negative equity than if you have a repayment mortgage. That’s because your monthly payments don’t go towards reducing the value of your debt, only towards the interest.

A property is in negative equity if it’s worth less than the mortgage secured on it, and it’s normally caused by falling property prices.

For example, if you had bought a property for £150,000, with a mortgage for £120,000 and the property is now worth £100,000, you would be in negative equity.

However, if you had bought a property for £150,000 with a mortgage for £120,000 and it’s now worth £130,000, you would not be in negative equity.

It’s estimated that there are around half a million properties in negative equity in the UK, although some areas are affected far more than others.

It’s a particular problem in Northern Ireland, where up to two out of every five properties bought after 2005 are in negative equity.

How do I know if I’m in negative equity?

You might not know whether or not you’re in negative equity.

First of all, ring your lender to find out how much you owe now.

Next, ask a local estate agent to value your home or instruct a surveyor (who will charge for this).

If the value of the property is below what you owe, then you are in negative equity.

Problems that come with negative equity

It’s an immediate problem if you want to sell your home.

Unless you have savings that you can use to repay the difference between the value of your home and the mortgage, you might find it difficult to move.

It can also be difficult if you want to remortgage; perhaps to a fixed rate or a cheaper deal.

Most lenders will not let people with negative equity switch to a new mortgage deal when their existing one ends.

Instead, they will normally be moved onto the lender’s standard variable rate.

Moving house if you’re in negative equity

How easy it is to move will depend on several factors, such as:

  • how much negative equity you have
  • the value of the property you want to move to
  • if you are up-to-date with your existing mortgage
  • how much of a deposit you can raise for the new property.

Talk to your lender in the first instance and find out what help they can give you.

A very small number of lenders offer a ‘negative equity mortgage’.

This will let you transfer your negative equity to your new property, but you will still be expected to pay a deposit.

Pros and cons of negative equity mortgages

Pros:

  • You can move house without having to pay off the negative equity on your mortgage. This is particularly useful if you need to move for work or family reasons and can’t put it off.

Cons:

  • You might have to pay early repayment charges on your existing mortgage.
  • There might be extra fees and charges, and your new mortgage might have a higher interest rate than your existing one.
  • Very few lenders offer them.

Reducing your negative equity

Use our Budget planner to draw up a budget and save more of your finances!

If possible, it’s a good idea to try and reduce your negative equity by overpaying your mortgage.

Firstly, check whether your existing mortgage will let you make overpayments and, if so, how much you can overpay without incurring an early repayment charge.

Next, work out how much extra you can afford to pay every month or as a one-off.

Look online for a mortgage overpayment calculator.

This will tell you how much difference your extra payments could make.

Several mortgage brokers and lenders have these tools.

Renting out your home if you are in negative equity

Another option might be to rent out your home if your lender will agree to this.

This would mean you keep the existing mortgage, although you will probably have to pay a higher interest rate.

You would also have to tell your insurer.

Read a transcript of the video (DOC 23KB)

How to prepare for an interest rate rise

Interest rates have been at the same base rate level of 0.5% since the spring of 2009.

But if interest rates rise, it’s important to make sure you can still afford your mortgage payments.

It’s particularly important if you’re in negative equity as you could be more vulnerable to having your home repossessed.

Find out what you can do by reading Interest Rates – why they matter.

What you can do if you’re struggling to pay your mortgage

Find out where to get free help using our Debt advice locator.

If you are already in arrears on your mortgage, talk to your lender and get advice from one of the debt advice charities.

Useful links:

This article is provided by the Money Advice Service.

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Some important information about Rest Less Money

We want you to understand the positives, but also the limitations of using our site. We operate in a journalistic manner and therefore all information, guidance or suggestions provided are intended to be general in nature, and you should not rely on any of the information on the site in connection with the making of any financial decision.

When we set out to build Rest Less Money, we wanted to be a trusted place where you could find helpful information about financial matters affecting the over 50s. As a free to use resource, we try hard to provide the best information we can, but we cannot guarantee that we won’t occasionally make mistakes. So please note that you use the information on our site at your own risk, and we can’t accept liability if things go wrong.

Key things to remember when using Rest Less Money:

We do not offer financial advice – As a journalistic site, it’s important to know that we do not provide financial advice. You should always do your own research before choosing any financial product so that you can be certain it is right for you and your specific circumstances. If you are in any doubt, please seek professional financial advice from a regulated financial advisor.

No Liability – please note that you use the information on Rest Less Money at your own risk and we can’t accept liability for how you choose to use the information given on our site. We will often provide links to content or products and services available on other third-party websites. These are provided purely for your convenience and we cannot be held responsible for any content, or any of the products and services offered on any website that we link to.

 

Accuracy of Information – We try to make sure that all the information provided on Rest Less Money is correct at the time of publishing as we want it to be the most helpful resource possible. Sadly, we are not perfect however, and so we can make no guarantees as to the completeness, accuracy, adequacy or suitability of the information available on the site.
Whilst we work hard to try and provide accurate information, deals and prices can change, so whilst they may be correct at the time of writing, providers may subsequently decide to alter them later – so always double check first.

A final note on the Rest Less Community Forums – always remember that anyone can post their opinion on the Rest Less Community Forums, so it can be very different from our own opinion and may not be factual or well researched. Always be wary of any content posted on the forums and be sure to do your own research and due diligence on anything suggested. 

We hope you find Rest Less Money a useful resource and we would welcome your feedback at [email protected] on how to make it even better. For more information on any of the above you can read our full terms and conditions.

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